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Alt 17-10-2007, 10:32 PM   #1 (permalink)
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Üyelik tarihi: Feb 2007
Mesajlar: 50,120
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Standart OVER-POPULATION IN BIG CITIES

OVER-POPULATION IN BIG CITIES
The most important reason for calling a city “big” is that, it’s population is more than the other ones. Usually, when we object on a big city, we all agree that the issue of over-population has the most important effect on it. These effects can be classified, but negative ones have always been dominant. Because different kind of societies have varied opinions and this is not always an advantageous fact.

The main cause of over-population is immigration. There are various reasons for immigration. People, who live in small towns or villages, are always attracted by the fascination of big cities’ life conditions. For example, in Turkey, village people’s life standards are very poor. So the only thing they focus is to immigrate to the big cities to catch the high levels. The government does not pay attention to village people except election times. Most of the villages do not even have schools in their own borders, so some of the children can’t get education. Or, they try to arrive to other village’s schools in very hard conditions. Another poverty of villages is hospitals. Health is the most important fact for human being and if it is neglected, other categories of the social governmental services would not work. Everybody must be equal under all circumstances, but this unfairness makes village people leave their home.

Another cause for immigration is the economical conditions. The opportunities to earn money in small towns are so restricted that the incoming money doesn’t cover the needs of the family. For example, in rural areas, farming is nearly the only way to make money. There
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Alt 17-10-2007, 10:33 PM   #2 (permalink)
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Üyelik tarihi: Feb 2007
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Standart

might be talented people among them, but, because of the conditions, their skills cannot be discovered. New generation in villages has a strong desire to move to cities. They are more cunning than the old age group so when they catch the opportunity, they try to deserve it. On the other hand, their living habits are not comparable with big city’s life standards.

Moreover, the influence of television can’t be ignored. Despite the lack of money, TV has entered to all houses in villages. Unfortunately, TV programs are not quite instructive, but sometimes deceptive, showing exaggerated richness of minority. The true life in big cities is quite difficult to survive which is shaded on televisions. Colorful scenes of TV attract those people about moving to big cities, but the way of showing this is, nothing more than giving those people the sense of complexity. The ambition of earning large amounts of money arises from here.

The second reason of over-population is birth control. In rural areas, birth control is known to be a shamed issue. Men reject to use such things like condoms, because they think the image of being men will be destroyed. Moreover, they don’t let their wives to use birth control medicines. According to their traditions, it is a sin to use such things and also abortion is not tolerated. So, each family has at least five children. When they move to the cities, they bring all family members with them.

The effects of over-population are very harmful for the society. First of all, they are located in shanty areas with their own community. They almost invade those places to construct their own villages. It is a big economical effort for the government to bring basic needs such as electricity, water, roads, transportation etc. Those people are uneducated and have no profession, so it becomes difficult to find a good job. Mostly they work in illegal ways not paying any taxes and social security fees. Because of the expensiveness of big cities, even the small children work in the streets instead of going to schools. Limited number of hospitals, schools, courts does not cover thee needs of society. For example, in primary schools, one

class contains 90 students or in hospitals, one bed is shared between two patients. The fancy lives of televisions doesn’t exist is reality.

The disease of this era is over-population. Before trying to heal this disease, the inner sides of social structure must be repaired. It is not always people to be blamed; the confusing effect of multiculturalism makes human psychology up side down. The killing desire of money makes people leave their homes and creates a hazardous ambition. Some of them wins this life game and continues, some of them return back to their homes with defeat. Whatever it is, the “big cities” lose their values and become “big villages”, like it happens in Istanbul.
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